Shara Bailey

Associate Professor Department of Anthropology New York University

Education

B.A. 1992, Temple University M.A. 1995, Arizona State University Ph.D. 2002, Arizona State University

Contact

Email:

Tel: (212) 998-8576

Overview of Research

My primary research interests are in addressing paleoanthropological questions from a dental perspective. The major focus of my research has been Middle-Late Pleistocene hominins and modern human origins. As a postdoctoral fellow at The George Washington University I expanded my research interests to include Plio-Pleistocene hominins and apes. I have collected dental morphometric data on nearly every Neandertal and Upper Paleolithic modern human specimen available for study. I have also built an extensive comparative database of contemporary and fossil human dental morphometrics. I have recently expanded my research area to include Asia and Russia and hope to build strong collaborations with my colleagues at institutions there. I am also beginning a morphometric study of the deciduous dentition of fossil hominins, with emphasis on Neandertals and modern humans. PhD students under my supervision are working on biodistance, migration and evolution in North Africa and the Near East (Yasmine El Gabbani) and dental variation in South America and peopling of the New World (Alejandra Ortiz).

Daris Swindler (a leading primate expert) recently donated his Primate Dental Cast Collection to CSHO. The cast collection consists of more than 2000 dental casts representing every primate species known (and some non-primate relatives), as well as several human populations. Eventually, NYU plans to scan the entire collection in three-dimensions and make it virtually available for remote researchers via an internet database. The collections will provide the foundation for developing standards for scoring non-human primate dental morphological variation, for studies of human and non-human primate variation as well as studies of growth and development.

Publications

In press. Bailey S.E. and Liu W. A comparative dental metrical and morphological analysis of a Middle Pleistocene hominin maxilla from Chaoxian (Chaohu) China. Quaternary International.

2009. Bailey S.E., Weaver T.D., and Hublin J.-J. Who made the Aurignacian and other early Upper Paleolithic industries? Journal of Human Evolution 57: 11-26.

2009. Quam R. and Bailey S. E., Wood B. Evolution of M1 crown size and cusp proportions in the genus Homo. Journal of Anatomy 214: 655-670.

2008. Bailey S. E.. Inter- and intra-specific variation in Pan tooth crown morphology: implications for Neandertal taxonomy.. In Irish D. and Nelson G. (Eds) Technique and Application in Dental Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 293-316.

2008. Bailey S. E., Glantz M, Weaver TD, and Viola B. The affinity of the dental remains from Obi-Rakhmat Grotto, Uzbekistan.. Jounal of Human Evolution 55: 238-248.

2007. Bailey S. E. and Wood B.A. Trends in postcanine occlusal morphology within the hominin clade: The case of Paranthropus. In Bailey S.E. and Hublin J.-J. (Eds) Dental Perspectives on Human Evolution: State of the Art Research in Dental Paleoanthropology. New York: Springer, pp. 33-52

2007. Bailey S. E. & J.-J. Hublin (Eds). Dental Perspectives on Human Evolution - State of the Art Research in Dental Paleoanthropology. Dordrecht: Springer.

2007. Bailey S.E. The evolution of non-metric dental variation in Europe. Mitt Ges Urgesch. 15: 9-30.

2006. Bailey S.E. Beyond shovel shaped incisors. Neandertal dental morphology in a comparative context. Periodicum Biologorum. 108: 253-267.

2006. Bailey S.E. and Hublin J.-J. Dental remains from Grotte du Renne at Arcy-sur-Cure (Yonne). Journal of Human Evolution 50: 485-508.

2005. Bailey S.E. and Hublin J.-J. Who made the Early Aurignacian? A reconsideration of the Brassempouy dental remains. Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris, 17: 1-7.

2005. Bailey S.E. and Lynch J. Variation in mandibular P4 shape between Neandertals and anatomically modern humans: A new character for use in phylogenetic analyses? American Journal of Physical Anthropology 126: 268-277.

2004. Bailey S.E. A morphometric analysis of maxillary molar crowns of Middle-Late Pleistocene hominins. Journal of Human Evolution 47: 183-198.

2004. Bailey S.E., Pilbrow V.C., Wood B.A. Interobserver error in independent attempts to measure cusp base areas of Pan M1s. Journal of Anatomy 205: 323-331.