Alfred Rosenberger

Professor Department of Anthropology and Archaeology Brooklyn College and The Graduate Center City University of New York


B.A. 1972, City College Ph.D. 1979, City University of New York




Tel: (718) 951-5000 x2696

Fax: (718)-951-3169

Overview of Research

My main interests involve the evolution of South and Central American monkeys, and the origins and evolution of tarsiiform and of anthropoid primates. New World monkeys are one of the most diversified, endangered and understudied groups of primates. The fossil record of these monkeys has been growing rapidly in recent years, giving us the first decent glimpses of how primate evolution unfolded in that part of the world. Working with several NYCEP alums and students, I also have research projects in the Dominican Republic and Madagascar, where our team of scuba divers is collecting extinct primates and other vertebrates in submerged freshwater caves.  The work on tarsiers and anthropoid origins currently focuses on cranial development, in a collaboration with Tim Smith (Slippery Rock University) and Valerie DeLeon (Johns Hopkins).  Further information can be found on and


2015    Rosenberger, A.L.  Review of: The Woolly Monkey: Behavior, Ecology, Systematics, and Captive Research. Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects. Edited by Thomas R. Defler and Pablo R. Stevenson. New York: Springer.  Quarterly Review of Biology 90 (2), June 2015.

2015    Rosenberger, A.L., R. Pickering, H. Green, S.B. Cooke, M. Tallman, A. Morrow and R.  Rímoli. 1.32 ± 0.11 Ma age for underwater remains constrain antiquity and longevity of the Dominican primate Antillothrix bernensis. Journal of Human Evolution 88: 85-96.

2015    Rosenberger, A.L., L.R. Godfrey, K.M. Muldoon, G.F. Gunnell, A. Haingoson, L. Ranivoharimanana, J.F. Ranaivoarisoa, A.H. Rasoamiaramanana, J. Randrianasy, and F.E. Amador. Giant subfossil lemur graveyard discovered, submerged, in Madagascar.  Journal of Human Evolution 81: 83-87.

2015    Aristede, L., A.L. Rosenberger, M. Tejedor and I. Perez. Modeling lineage and phenotypic diversification in the New World monkey (Platyrrhini, Primates) radiation.  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 82: 375–385.

2015    Rosenberger, A.L., S.B. Cooke, L.B. Halenar, M.F. Tejedor, W.C. Hartwig, N.M Novo and Y. Muñoz-Saba. Fossil alouattines and the origins of Alouatta: Craniodental diversity and interrelationships. In: M. Kowalevski, P.A. Garber, L. Cortés-Ortiz, B. Urbani and D. Youlatos.  Howler Monkeys: Examining the Biology, Adaptive Radiation, and Behavioral Ecology of the Most Widely Distributed Genus of Neotropical Primate. Springer, pp 21-54.

2014    Perez, I. and A.L. Rosenberger. The status of platyrrhine phylogeny: A meta- analysis and quantitative appraisal of topological hypotheses. Journal of Human Evolution 76: 177-187.

2014    Rosenberger, A.L. Species – Beasts of Burden. Evolutionary Anthropology 23: 27-29.

2013    Halenar, L.B., and A.L. Rosenberger. A closer look at the "Protopithecus" fossil assemblages: new genus and species from Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Human Evolution 65: 374-390.

2013    Smith, T.F., V.B. Deleon and A.L. Rosenberger. At birth, tarsiers lack a postorbital bar or septum. Anatomical Record 296: 365-377.

2013    Rosenberger, A.L. Fallback foods, preferred foods, adaptive zones and primate origins. American Journal of Primatology. 75:883-890.

2013    Rosenberger A.L., S.Z. Klukkert, S.B Cooke and R. Rimoli. Rethinking Antillothrix: the mandible and its implications. American Journal of Primatology. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22144.

2013    Velazco, P.M., H. O’Neill, G. F. Gunnell, S.B. Cooke, R. Rimoli, A. L. Rosenberger and N.B. Simmons. Quaternary Bat Diversity in the Dominican Republic. American Museum Novitates. 3779:1-20.

2013    Rosenberger, A.L. and M.F. Tejedor. The misbegotten: long lineages, long branches and the interrelationships of Aotus, Callicebus and the saki-uakaris. In: Barnett, A., L. Veiga, S. Ferrari an M. Norconk (Eds.), Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of Titis, Sakis and Uacaris. Cambridge University Press, pp. 13-22.

2013    Rosenberger, A.L. and W.C. Hartwig. New World Monkeys. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester. DOI: 0.1002/9780470015902.a0001562.pub3.

2013    Rosenberger, A.L. and W.C. Hartwig. Primates (Lemurs, Lorises, Tarsiers, Monkeys and Apes). In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester. DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0001572.pub3.

2012    Rosenberger, A.L. and H.Preuschoft. Evolutionary morphology, cranial biomechanics and the origins of tarsiers and anthropoids. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments. 92:507-525.

2012    Rosenberger, A.L. New World Monkey Nightmares: Science, Art, Use, and Abuse (?) in Platyrrhine Taxonomic Nomenclature. American Journal of Primatology. 74:692–695.

2012    Rosenberger, A.L. Hitting on a fossil skull in the subaquatic underworld. AnthroQuest 29: 1,11.

2011    Rosenberger, A.L. Functional morphology, fossils and the origins of the tarsier and anthropoid clades. 147-148. In: The World at the Time of Messel: Puzzles in Paleobiology, Paleoenvironment, and the History of Early Primates. 22nd International Senckenberg Conference. Lehmann, T. and S.K. Schaal (Eds.). Senckenberg Gesellschaft fur Naturforschung.

2011    Hartwig, W.G., A.L. Rosenberger, M. Norconk and M. Young Owl. Relative brain size, gut size and evolution in New World Monkeys. Anatomical Record 294: 2207–2221. (Special volume, A.L. Rosenberger, edited: Evolutionary and Functional Morphology of New World Monkeys.)

2011    Maiolino, S., D. Boyer and A.L. Rosenberger. Morphological correlates of the grooming claw in distal phalanges of platyrrhines and other primates: a preliminary study. Anatomical Record 294: 1975–1990. (Special volume, A.L. Rosenberger, edited: Evolutionary and Functional Morphology of New World Monkeys.)

2011    Rosenberger, A.L. Evolutionary Morphology, Platyrrhine Evolution and Systematics. Anatomical Record 294: 1955–1974. (Special volume, A.L. Rosenberger, edited: Evolutionary and Functional Morphology of New World Monkeys.)

2011    Rosenberger, A.L., L.B. Halenar and S.B. Cooke. The making of platyrrhine semi-folivores: models for the evolution of folivory in primates. Anatomical Record 294: 2112–2130. (Special volume, A.L. Rosenberger, edited: Evolutionary and Functional Morphology of New World Monkeys.)

2011    Cooke, S.B., Rosenberger, A.L. and S. Turvey. An extinct monkey from Haiti and the origins of the Greater Antillean primates. PNAS 108 (7): 2699-2704.

2011    Frost, S., A.L. Rosenberger and W.C. Hartwig. Old World Monkeys. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Nature Publishing Group. Macmillan Reference Ltd.

2011    Rosenberger, A.L. Strigorhysis: another large-eyed Eocene North American fossil tarsiiform. Anatomical Record 294: 797-812.

2011    Rosenberger, A.L., S. B. Cooke, R. Rímoli, X. Ni and Luis Cardoso. First skull of Antillothrix bernenesis, an extinct relict monkey from the Dominican Republic. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 278, 67–74.

2011    Rosenberger, A.L., G. Gunnell and R.L. Ciochon. The Anthropoid-Like Face of Siamopithecus: Cherry Picking Trees, Phylogenetic Corroboration, and the Adapiform–Anthropoid Hypothesis. Anatomical Record. 

2011    Singleton, M., A.L. Rosenberger, C. Robinson and R. O’Neill. Allometric and metameric shape variation in Pan mandibular molars: a digital morphometric analysis. Anatomical Record 294: 322-334.

2010    Rosenberger, A.L. The skull of Tarsius: functional morphology, eyeballs, and the nonpursuit predatory lifestyle. International Journal of Primatology 31, 1032-1054.

2010    Rosenberger, A.L. Book review: The Link: Uncovering our Earliest Ancestors. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 142: 165-166.

2010    Rosenberger, A.L. Adaptive profile versus adaptive specialization: fossils and gumivory in primate evolution. In: A. Burrows and L. Nash (Eds.), The Evolution of Exudativory in Primates. Springer, pp. 273-296.

2010    Rosenberger, A.L. Platyrrhines, PAUP, Parallelism, and the Long Lineage Hypothesis: A Reply to Kay et al. (2008). Journal of Human Evolution 59, 214-217.

2010    Wiley, D.F., N. Amenta, D.A. Alcantara, D. Ghosh, Y.J. Kil, E. Delson, W. Harcourt-Smith, F. J. Rohlf, K. St. John, B. Hamann, R. Motani, S. Frost, A.L Rosenberger, L. Tallman, T. Disotell, and R. O'Neill Evolutionary Morphing.

2009    Tejedor, M. F. and Rosenberger. Los primates fósiles de Santa Cruz. En: Estado Actual de las Investigaciones Realizadas sobre Patrimonio Cultural en Santa Cruz. Pp. 87-92. Dirección de Patrimonio Cultural, Subsecretaría de Cultura de Santa Cruz.

2009     Rosenberger, A.L., M.F. Tejedor, S. Cooke, and Stephen Pekkar. Platyrrhine ecophylogenetics, past and present. In: South American primates: comparative perspectives in the study of behavior, ecology and conservation.

2009     Rosenberger, A.L. History of Primatology: The Alpha Taxonomist's View. Book review of: Extended Family: Long Lost Cousins. A Personal Look at the History of Primatology. Colin Groves. Arlington VA, Conservation International. Evolutionary Anthropology, 18: 79.

2008     Tejedor, M., A.L. Rosenberger, A. & C. Cartelle. Nueva Especie de Alouatta

2008     Tejedor, M. and A.L. Rosenberger. A New Type for Homunuculus patagonicus, Ameghno, 1891. PaleoAnthropology. 2008, 68-82.     

2008     Rosenberger, A.L., W.C. Hartwig, S. Cooke & L. Halenar. Morphology, Evolution and Phylogeny of Ateles. In: The Complete Spider Monkey. C. Campbell et al.

2008     Rosenberger, A.L., R. Hogg & Sai Man Wong. Rooneyia, Postorbital Closure, and the Beginnings of the Age of Anthropoidea. In: Mammalian Evolutionary Morphology: a Tribute to Frederick S.Szalay. E.Sargis & M.Dagosto

2008     Rosenberger, A.L. Book review: Primate Origins

2008     Rosenberger, A.L. & L. J. Matthews. Oreonax - not a genus Neotropical Primates. 15, 8-12.     

2008     Rosenberger, A. L. and A. S. Pagano. Frontal fusion: Collapse of another Anthropoid synapomorphy. The Anatomical Record 291: 308-317.     

2008     Matthews, L.J. & A.L. Rosenberger. Taxonomic status of the Yellow tailed Woolly Monkey, Lagothrix flavicauda - an object lesson in the implementation of PAUP*. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 137,245-255.     

2008     Bromage, T., McMahon, J.M., Thackeray, J.F., Kullmer, O., Hogg, R., Rosenberger, A. L., Schrenk and D.H Enlow. Craniofacial architectural constraints and their importance for reconstructing the early Homo skull KNM-ER 1470. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry Volume 33, Number 1/2008, pp.43-54.     

2007     Rosenberger, A. L. and R. Hogg. On Bahinia pondaungensis, an Alleged Early Anthropoid. PaleoAnthropology 2007: 26-30.     

2006     Tejedor, M. F., A. A. Tauber, A. L. Rosenberger, C. C. Swisher, III, and M. E. Palacios. New primate genus from the Miocene of Argentina Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

2005     Saxer, I & A.L. Rosenberger. Adaptation: The Case of Penguins. Visionlearning Vol. BIO-2

2005     Review of: The Hunt for the Dawn Monkey: Unearthing the Origins of Monkeys, Apes, and Humans. Chris Beard. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2004. 363 pp. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 12: 513-516.     

2005     King, R.L., A.L. Rosenberger & L. Leann Kanda. Artificial Neural Networks and Three-Dimensional Digital Morphology: A Pilot Study. Folia Primatologica, 76:303–324.     

2004     Review of: Anthropoid Origins: New Visions. C. F. Ross and R. F. Kay

2004     Alfred L. Rosenberger "Charles Darwin III: Descent with modification," Visionlearning Vol. BIO2

2004     Alfred L. Rosenberger "Charles Darwin II: Natural selection," Visionlearning Vol. BIO-2

2003     Alfred L. Rosenberger "Taxonomy: What's in a name?," Visionlearning Vol. BIO-2

2003     Alfred L. Rosenberger "Taxonomy II: Nomenclature:Ruling names of giants," Visionlearning Vol. BIO-2

2003     Alfred L. Rosenberger "Charles Darwin I: The origin of species," Visionlearning Vol. BIO-2

2002     Rosenberger, A.L. Platyrrhine paleontology and systematics: The paradigm shifts. In The Primate Fossil Record, W. C. Hartwig,

2001     Rosenberger, A.L. & W.C. Hartwig. New World Monkeys. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Nature Publishing Group. Macmillan Reference Ltd.     

2001     Hartwig, W.C. & A.L. Rosenberger. Primates. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Nature Publishing Group. Macmillan Reference Ltd.     

2001     Hartwig, W.C. & A.L. Rosenberger. Old Word Monkeys. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Nature Publishing Group. Macmillan Reference Ltd.     

2000     Zhang, G., Yi-Chien Tsou & A.L. Rosenberger. Reconstruction of the Homunculus skull using a combined scanning and stereolithography process. Rapid Prototyping Journal, 6: 267-275.     

1998     Rosenberger, A.L. & Charles M. Calvo

1998     Castro, M.I., B. Beck, D. Kleiman, G. Ruiz Miranda, R. Carlos, & A.L. Rosenberger. Environmental enrichment in a reintroduction program for golden lion tamarins

1997     Calvo, C.M., A.L. Rosenberger & A. Hansen. The Digital Darwins project: 3-D resources for interactive science via the internet. In Museums and the Web. D. Bearman & J. Trant

1996     Stafford, B. J., Rosenberger, A. L., Baker, A. J., Beck, B. B., Dietz, J. M., & Kleiman, D. G. Locomotion of golden lion tamarins

1996     Schneider, H. & A.L. Rosenberger. Molecules, morphology and platyrrhine systematics. In Adaptive Radiations of Neotropical Primates. M.A. Norconk, A.L. Rosenberger & P.A. Garber

1996     Rosenberger, A.L., M.A. Norconk & P.A. Garber. New perspectives on the pitheciines. In Adaptive Radiations of Neotropical Primates. M.A. Norconk, A.L. Rosenberger & P.A. Garber

1996     Rosenberger, A.L. Systematics

1996     Hartwig, W.C., A.L. Rosenberger, P. A. Garber & M.A. Norconk. On atelines. In Adaptive Radiations of Neotropical Primates. M.A. Norconk, A.L. Rosenberger & P.A. Garber,

1996     Garber, P.A. & A.L. Rosenberger. Marmoset misconceptions. In Adaptive Radiations of Neotropical Primates. M.A. Norconk, A. L. Rosenberger & P.A. Garber

1996     Fedigan, L.M., A.L. Rosenberger, S. Boinski, M.A. Norconk & P.A. Garber. Critical issues in cebine evolution and behavior. In Adaptive Radiations of Neotropical Primates. M.A. Norconk, A.L. Rosenberger & P.A. Garber

1995     Rosenberger, A.L. Warren Glenford Kinzey

1994     Stafford, B.J., A.L. Rosenberger & B.B. Beck. Locomotion of free ranging Golden Lion Tamarins

1994     Rosenberger, A.L. and B.J. Stafford. Locomotion in captive Leontopithecus and Callimico: a multimedia study. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 94:379-394.     

1993     Costello, R., C. Dickinson, A.L. Rosenberger, S. Boinski & F.S. Szalay. Squirrel monkey

1992     Rosenberger, A.L. The evolution of feeding niches in New World Monkeys. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 88:525-562.     

1992     Rosenberger, A.L. Tamarin taxonomy: Lesson behind the name. Zoogoer, January-February, pp. 12-17.     

1992     Rosenberger, A.L. Evolution of New World monkeys. In The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Evolution. R.D. Martin, D. Pilbeam & J.S. Jones,

1992     Rosenberger, A.L. & M. Dagosto. New craniodental and postcranial evidence of fossil tarsiiforms. In Topics in Primatology Vol. 3. S. Matano, R.H. Tuttle, H. Ishida & M. Goodman,

1991     Rosenberger, A.L., W.C. Hartwig, M. Takai, T. Setoguchi & N. Shigehara. Dental variability in Saimiri and the taxonomic status of Neosaimiri fieldsi, an early squirrel monkey from La Venta, Colombia. International Journal of Primatology, 12:291-301     

1991     Rosenberger, A.L., W.C. Hartwig & R. Wolff. Szalatavus attricuspis, an early platyrrhine primate from Salla, Bolivia. Folia Primatologica, 56:221-233.     

1991     Rosenberger, A.L., T. Setoguchi & W.C. Hartwig. Laventiana annectens, new fossil evidence for the origins of callitrichine New World monkeys. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 88:2137-2140.     

1991     Rosenberger, A.L. The Cabo Frio four. Zoogoer, July -August, pp.20-24.     

1990     Rosenberger, A.L., T. Setoguchi & N. Shigehara. The fossil record of callitrichine primates. Journal of Human Evolution, 19:209-236.     

1990     Gebo, D.L., M. Dagosto, A.L. Rosenberger & T. Setoguchi. New platyrrhine tali from La Venta, Colombia. Journal of Human Evolution, 19:737-746.     

1990     Fleagle, J.G. & A.L. Rosenberger. Preface [Special Issue, Journal of Human Evolution 19

1989     Rosenberger, A.L. & K.B. Strier. Adaptive radiation of the ateline primates. Journal of Human Evolution, 18:717-750.     

1989     Rosenberger, A.L. & J.G. Fleagle. Guest Editors' Introduction [Special Issue, Journal of Human Evolution 18

1989     Kanazawa, E. & A.L. Rosenberger. Interspecific allometry of the mandible, dental arch and molar area in anthropoid primates: functional morphology of the masticatory components. Primates, 30:543-560.     

1988     Setoguchi, T., M. Takai, C. Villarroel, N. Shigehara & A.L. Rosenberger. New specimen of Cebupithecia sarmientoi from La Venta, Miocene of South America. Kyoto University Overseas Reports of New World Monkeys. VI. pp. 7-9.     

1988     Kanazawa, E. & A.L. Rosenberger. Reduction index of the upper M2 in marmosets. Primates, 29:525-533.     

1987     Szalay, F.S., A.L. Rosenberger & M. Dagosto. Diagnosis and differentiation of the Order Primates. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 30:75-105.     

1987     Setoguchi, T. & A.L. Rosenberger. A fossil owl monkey from the La Venta, Colombia. Nature, 326:692-694.     

1986     Snowdon,C. T., A. Hodun, A. L. Rosenberger, & A. F. Coimbra-Filho. Long-call structure and its relation to taxonomy in lion tamarins American Journal of Primatology, 11:253-261.     

1986     Setoguchi, T., N. Shigehara & A.L. Rosenberger et al. Primate fauna from the Miocene La Venta, in the Tatacoa desert, Department of Huila, Colombia. Caldasia, 15:761-763.     

1986     Setoguchi, T. & A. L. Rosenberger. Miocene marmosets: first fossil evidence. International Journal of Primatology, 6:615-625.     

1986     Rosenberger, A.L. Platyrrhines, catarrhines and the anthropoid transition. In Major Topics in Human and Primate Evolution. B. Wood, L. Martin & P. Andrews,

1985     Setoguchi, T. & A. L. Rosenberger. Some new ceboid primates from the La Venta Miocene of Colombia. In Memorias. VI Congresso Latinamericano de Geologia. Vol. 1, Bogota, Colombia, pp. 287-298.     

1985     Rosenberger, A.L., M.E. Strasser & E. Delson. Anterior dentition of Notharctus and the adapid-anthropoid hypothesis. Folia Primatologica, 44:15-39.     

1985     Rosenberger, A.L. In favor of the necrolemur-tarsier hypothesis. Folia Primatologica, 45:179-194.     

1985     Rosenberger, A.L. & M.E. Strasser. Toothcomb origins: support for the grooming hypothesis. Primates, 26:76-85.     

1984     Rosenberger, A.L. Fossil New World monkeys dispute the molecular clock. Journal of Human Evolution, 13:737-742.     

1984     Rosenberger, A.L. & A.F. Coimbra-Filho. Morphology, taxonomic status and affinities of the Lion Tamarins, genus Leontopithecus

1984     Delson, E. & A.L. Rosenberger. Are there any anthropoid primate "living fossils"? In Casebook on Living Fossils. N. Eldredge & S. Stanley,

1983     Rosenberger, A.L. Tail of tails: parallelism and prehensility. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 60:103-107.     

1983     Rosenberger, A.L. Aspects of the systematics and evolution of marmosets. In A Primatologia no Brasil. M.T. de Mello,

1983     Fleagle, J.G. & A.L. Rosenberger. Cranial morphology of the earliest anthropoids. In Morphologie, Evolutive, Morphogenese du Crane et Anthropogenese. M. Sakka,

1981     Rosenberger, A.L. Systematics: the higher taxa. In Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates. A.F. Coimbra-Filho & R.A. Mittermeier,

1981     Rosenberger, A.L. A mandible of Branisella boliviana

1981     Rosenberger, A.L. & J.G. Fleagle. Craneos de platirrinos fosiles. In II Congresso Latino-Americano de Paleontologia. Y.T. Sanguitti,

1980     Rosenberger, A.L. Gradistic views and adaptive radiation of platyrrhine primates. Zeitschrift fur Morphologie und Anthropologie, 71:157-163.     

1980     Rosenberger, A.L. & F.S. Szalay. On the tarsiiform origins of Anthropoidea. In Evolutionary Biology of New World Monkeys and Continental Drift. R.L. Ciochon & A.B. Chiarelli,

1980     Delson, E. & A.L. Rosenberger. Phyletic perspectives on platyrrhine origins and anthropoid relationships. In Evolutionary Bioogy of New World Monkeys and Continental Drift. R.L. Ciochon & A.B. Chiarelli,

1979     Rosenberger, A.L. Phylogeny, Evolution and Classification of New World Monkeys

1979     Rosenberger, A.L. Cranial anatomy and implications of Dolichocebus, a late Oligocene ceboid primate. Nature, 279:416-418.     

1978     Rosenberger, A.L. Loss of incisor enamel in marmosets. Journal of Mammalogy, 59:207-208.     

1978     Rosenberger, A.L. A new species of Hispaniolan primate: a comment. Annuario Cientifico Universidad Central Este 3, 248-251.     

1977     Rosenberger, A.L. Xenothrix and ceboid phylogeny. Journal of Human Evolution, 6:541-561.     

1977     Kinzey, W.G., A.L. Rosenberger et al. A preliminary field investigation of the yellow-handed titi monkey, Callicebus torquatus in Northern Peru. Primates, 8:159-181.     

1976     Rosenberger, A.L. & W.G. Kinzey. Functional patterns of molar occlusion in platyrrhine primates. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 45:281-298.     

1975      Kinzey, W.G., A.L. Rosenberger & M. Ramirez. Vertical clinging and leaping in a neotropical anthropoid. Nature, 225:327-328.